Patterns – Essential Information

The following points should be considered while performing patterns:

1. Pattern should begin and end at exactly the same spot. This will indicate the performer’s accuracy.

2. Correct posture and facing must be maintained at all times.

3. Muscles of the body should be either tensed or relaxed at the proper critical moments in the exercise.

4. The exercise should be performed in a rhythmic movement with an absence of stiffness.

5. Movement should be accelerated or decelerated.

6. Students should know the purpose of each movement.

7. Students should perform each movement with realism.

8. Attack and defense techniques should be equally distributed among right and left hands and feet.

All patterns listed are performed under the assumption the student is facing “D” (see pattern diagrams). In our school, this would be facing the mirrors.  There are a total of twenty-four patterns in Taekwon-Do. The name of the pattern, the number of movements, and the diagrammatic symbol of each pattern symbolize either heroic figures in Korean history or instances relating to historical events. The interpretation of each pattern will be found on its specific page.

Since each Pattern has a close relationship with the fundamental exercise, students should practice the patterns according to the following graduation to attain the maximum results with the least effort.

How to pronounce the pattern is at the top of the page.  There are videos of each pattern at the bottom of the page.

Chon-Ji Beginner Group Sam-Il 3rd degree black
Dan-Gun Beginner Group Yoo-Sin 3rd degree black
Do-San Beginner Group Choi-Yong 3rd degree black
Won-Hyo Intermediate Group Yon-Gae 4th degree black
Yul-Gok Intermediate Group Ul-Ji 4th degree black
Joong-Gun Intermediate Group Moon-Moo 4th degree black
Toi-Gye Advanced Group So-San 5th degree black
Hwa-Rang Advanced Group Se-Jong 5th degree black
Choong-Moo Advanced Group Tong-Il 6th degree black
Kwan-Gae 1st degree black
Po-Eun 1st degree black Saju Jirugi Beginner Group
Ge-Baek 1st degree black Saju Makgi Beginner Group
Eui-Am 2nd degree black
Choong-Jang 2nd degree black
Juche 2nd degree black